Underage Drinking Core Measures 2004-2016
Youth Data
Total All Grades
2004 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
Lifetime Underage Drinking  -- -- -- 23%  17%  17%
Past 30 Day Use  29%  22%  19%  18%  16%  14%
Perception of Risk  70%  72%  70%  69%  73%  72%
Perception of Peer Disapproval  79%  73%  79%  78%  83%  87%
Perception of Parent Disapproval  88%  86%  89%  90%  98%  97%

Our PNA youth surveys have measured many indicators including what we call Core Measures with youth in grades 8, 10 and 12 every other year since 2004. Our core measures include past 30 day use (how many times a youth reports using the substance in the past 30 days), Perception of Risk of Harm (how much does a youth perceive that the using the substance would result in risk of harm), Perception of Peer Disapproval (how wrong would their friends think it is for them to use the substance) and Perception of Parent Disapproval (how wrong would their parents think it is for them to use the substance).

Research shows a link between perception of risk, perception of peer and parent disapproval and actual use w. What this means is as the perception of risk of harm increases the likelihood of a youth using the substance decreases.

In Livingston County the Perception of Risk for Alcohol has remained fairly steady overall (grades 8, 10 and 12) from 70% in 2004 to 72% in 2016. This means that more than 1 in 4 youth do not view regular alcohol use as risky. Interestingly the perception of risk is relatively the same across all grade levels. What the research tells us is that if these numbers decline further there may be an increase in youth alcohol use.

The core measure related to perception of peer disapproval of youth alcohol use has seen a slight increase since we began measuring this indicator. In 2004, 79% of youth said their peers would disapprove if they drank alcohol and in 2016, 87% reported that their peers would disapprove. More than 3 out of 4 12th grade students in 2016 reported that if they drank alcohol their friends would disapprove.

The perception of parent disapproval of underage drinking has also seen a steady increase over the past 12 years. In 2004, 88% reported that their parents would disapprove if they drank alcohol while 97% stated this in 2016. 

Parents and peer disapproval of the use of alcohol, when under the age of 21 appears to be a protective factor toward underage drinking.



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